How to manage Reactive Hypoglycemia?

How to manage Reactive Hypoglycemia?

Author- Mariam Lakdawala, Registered Dietician

The most common observation made among diabetic patients is that they generally grab on sugar or sugary beverages when they get hypoglycaemic (a drop in the blood sugar levels). But are these sugar shots really helpful?

Temporarily – yes, but after 2-3 hours there are higher chances of experiencing another episode of Hypoglycemia. This kind of meal or rather simple sugar induced Hypoglycemia is known as Reactive Hypoglycemia. After the ingestion of sugar/ sugary beverages there is a rapid increase in the insulin secretion. Insulin causes a rapid digestion and absorption of sugars and still remains in the blood eventually causing low blood sugar levels.

The symptoms include dizziness, fatigue, light headedness, sweating, irritability, confusion, blurred vision, heart palpitations, etc.

Here are some dietary tips to prevent and manage reactive hypoglycaemia,

  1. Avoid consumption of sugar, honey, jaggery, processed foods, bakery products (bread/ biscuits/ cookies/ toast/ khaari/ butter, etc).
  2. Add fiber rich foods like vegetables, pulses, sprouts, fruits to every meal in order to improve the quality of carbohydrates.
  3. Do not keep long gap between the meals. Eat a small snack in between the main meals.
  4. Ensure every meal is balanced with good quality proteins from milk, curds, paneer, soy and its products, egg, fish, poultry, meat, etc.

Reactive hypoglycaemia could be because of multiple other reasons (Eg. Post gastric bypass surgery) and can be managed with the same dietary modifications. In case it doesn’t resolve with the diet, you can check with your doctor for further medical management.

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